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Respect the needs of local people and visitors alike – so don’t block gateways, driveways or other paths with your vehicle.
When riding a bike or driving, slow down or stop for horses, walkers and farm animals and give them plenty of room. By law, cyclists must give way to walkers and horse-riders on bridleways.
Co-operate with people at work in the countryside. For example, keep out of the way when farm animals are being gathered or moved and follow directions from the farmer.
Busy traffic on small country roads can be unpleasant and dangerous to local people, visitors and wildlife - so slow down and where possible, leave your vehicle at home, consider sharing lifts and use alternatives such as public transport or cycling. For public transport information, phone Traveline on 0871 200 22 33 or visit Traveline.
A farmer will normally close gates to keep farm animals in, but may sometimes leave them open so the animals can reach food and water. Leave gates as you find them or follow instructions on signs. When in a group, make sure the last person knows how to leave the gates.
Follow paths unless wider access is available, such as on open country or registered common land (known as "Open Access" land).
If you think a sign is illegal or misleading such as a ‘Private - No Entry’ sign on a public path, contact the local authority.
Leave machinery and farm animals alone – don’t interfere with animals even if you think they’re in distress. Try to alert the farmer instead.
Use gates, stiles or gaps in field boundaries if you can – climbing over walls, hedges and fences can damage them and increase the risk of farm animals escaping.
Be careful not to disturb ruins and historic sites.
Protecting the natural environment means taking special care not to damage, destroy or remove features such as rocks, plants and trees. They provide homes and food for wildlife, and add to everybody’s enjoyment of the countryside.
Litter and leftover food doesn’t just spoil the beauty of the countryside, it can be dangerous to wildlife and farm animals – so take litter home with you. Dropping litter and dumping rubbish are criminal offences.
Fires can be as devastating to wildlife and habitats as they are to people and property – so be careful with naked flames and cigarettes at any time of the year. Sometimes, controlled fires are used to manage vegetation, particularly on heaths and moors between 1st October and 15th April, but if a fire appears to be unattended then report it by calling 999.
Always try to use up-to-date maps or guidebooks and websites before you go. Cicerone guidebooks are updated every time they are reprinted. You can also check out local information centres or libraries for a list of outdoor recreation groups offering advice on specialist activities.
You’re responsible for your own safety and for others in your care – especially children - so be prepared for natural hazards, changes in weather and other events. Wild animals, farm animals and horses can behave unpredictably if you get too close, especially in the spring when they’re with their young - so give them plenty of space.
Check weather forecasts before you leave. There are currently 8 specific Mountain Weather forecasts for the UK. Conditions can change rapidly especially on mountains and along the coast, so don’t be afraid to turn back. When visiting the coast check for tide times don’t risk getting cut off by rising tides and take care on slippery rocks and sea-weed.
In the countryside and mountains you may not see anyone for hours, and there are many places without clear mobile phone signals, so let someone else know where you’re going and when you expect to return.